Evolution and intelligent Design

Ancient Persia Cities of Persepolis & Darius


Determinism vs Free Will

Intelligent Design: Philosophy

Thinking Critically About Profound Ideas

1. What Is Philosophy? Thinking Philosophically About Life

2. What Is the Philosopher’s Way? Socrates and the Examined Life

3. Who Are You? Consciousness, Identity, and the Self

4. Are You Free? Freedom and Determinism

5. How Can We Know the Nature of Reality? Philosophical Foundations

6. What Is Real? What Is True? Further Explorations

7. Is There a Spiritual Reality? Exploring the Philosophy of Religion

8. Are There Moral Truths? Thinking About Ethics

9. What Are Right Actions? Constructing an Ethical Theory

10. What Is Social Justice? Creating a Just State


New philosophies and religions arose in both east and west, particularly around the 6th century BC. Over time, a great variety of religions developed around the world, with Hinduism, Sikhism, Jainism, and Buddhism in India, Zoroastrianism in Persia being some of the earliest major faiths. In the east, three schools of thought were to dominate Chinese thinking until the modern day. These were Taoism, Legalism, and Confucianism. The Confucian tradition, which would attain predominance, looked not to the force of law, but to the power and example of tradition for political morality. In the west, the Greek philosophical tradition, represented by the works of Plato and Aristotle, was diffused throughout Europe and the Middle East by the conquests of Alexander of Macedon in the 4th century BC.

Abrahamic religions are those religions deriving from a common ancient tradition and traced by their adherents to Abraham (circa 1900 BCE), a patriarch whose life is narrated in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament, where he is described as a prophet (Genesis 20:7), and in the Quran, where he also appears as a prophet. This forms a large group of related largely monotheistic religions, generally held to include Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, and comprises over half of the world's religious adherents.